Karate Glossary

Blocking Techniques

age uke

Rising / upper block.

gedan barai

Downward / lower block.

Morote Uke

Augmented inside outside block

shuto uke

Knife hand block.

soto uke

Outside block.

uchi uke

Inside block.

uke

Block / receiver.

Counting Terms

go

Five.

hachi

Eight.

hyaku

A hundred.

ichi

One.

ju

Ten.

ku / kyu

Nine.

ni

Two.

roku

Six.

san

Three.

shichi / nana

Seven.

yon / shi

Four.

 

Kicking Techniques

geri

Kick.

mae geri

Front kick.

mawashi geri

Roundhouse kick.

ushiro geri

Back thrust kick.

yoko keage

Side snap kick.

yoko kekome

Side thrust kick.

 

Miscellaneous Terms

chudan

Middle / stomach level.

dan

Black belt rank.

dojo

Training hall.

gi

Uniform.

hai

Yes, or an acknowledgement.

hajime

Begin!

hidari

Left.

ippon kumite

One step sparring.

jodan

Head level.

karatedo

Empty hand way.

karateka

Karate practitioner / trainee.

kari

Half rank.

kata

Form.

kiai

A spirited shout, or yell, for focus.

kihon

Basics.

kime

Focus of a technique.

kizami

Leading side.

kumite

Sparring.

kyu

Color belt rank.

mae

Front.

matte

Stop.

migi

Right.

Mokuso

Meditation (close your eyes)

obi

Belt.

ossu

Masculine acknowledgement / greeting.

rei

Bow.

sanbon kumite

Three step sparring.

seiza

Formal sitting posture.

sempai

Senior student.

sensei

Teacher.

shiai

A tournament, or competition.

shisei

Posture.

tokui

Favorite.

yame

Stop.

yoko

Side.

zanshin

Continuation of energy / Follow through.

Other Techniques

atemi waza

Striking techniques.

enpi uchi

Elbow strike.

kansetsu waza

Joint locks.

nukite

Spearhand strike.

uchi

Strike.

uraken uchi

Backfist strike.

waza

Technique.

 

Punching Techniques

gyaku zuki

Reverse punch.

kizami zuki

Jab.

oi zuki

Step in punch.

sanbon zuki

Triple punch.

Seiken

Fist

tsuki

Punch.

 

Stances

dachi

Stance.

Hangetsu Dachi

Half Moon Stance

kiba-dachi

Horse riding stance.

kokutsu-dachi

Back stance.

neko-ashi-dachi

Cat foot stance.

Sanchin Dachi

Hourglass Stance

zenkutsu-dachi

Front stance.

 

Throws / Sweeps

barai

Sweep.

katame waza

Grappling techniques.

nage waza

Throws.

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